Monday, August 21, 2017

New Pain Management Research Abstracts: March 2016

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Are Strong Opioids Equally Effective And Safe In The Treatment Of Chronic Cancer Pain?

“Guidelines tend to consider morphine and morphine-like opioids comparable and interchangeable in the treatment of chronic cancer pain but individual responses can vary. This study compared the analgesic efficacy, changes of therapy and safety profile over time of four strong opioids given for cancer pain.” Read

A Review Of Minimally Invasive Palliative Procedures For Pain Management In Malignant Pelvic Diseases

“Pain is a common and debilitating symptom in pelvic cancer diseases. Failure in controlling this pain through pharmacological approaches calls for employing multimodal management and invasive techniques. Various strategies are commonly used for this purpose, including palliative radiotherapy, epidural medications and intrathecal administration of analgesic and local anesthetic drugs with pumps, and neural or plexus blockade. This review focuses on the features of minimally invasive palliative procedures (MIPPs), such as radiofrequency ablation, laser-induced thermotherapy, cryoablation, irreversible electroporation, electrochemotherapy, microwave ablation, and cementoplasty as well as their role in palliation of cancer pelvic pain. Despite the evidence of effectiveness and safety of these interventions, there are still many barriers to accessing MIPPs, including the availability of trained staff, the lack of precise criteria of indication, and the high costs.” Read

Health Care Providers’ Judgments In Chronic Pain: The Influence Of Gender And Trustworthiness

“Estimates of patients’ pain, and judgments of their pain expression, are affected by characteristics of the observer and of the patient. Here we investigated the impact of high or low trustworthiness, a rapid and automatic decision made about another, and of gender and depression history on judgments made by pain clinicians and by medical students.” Read

The Role Of Health Locus Of Control In Evaluating Depression And Other Comorbidities In Patients With Chronic Pain Conditions

“Chronic pain is significantly influenced by behavioral, cognitive, and emotional factors. Few studies have investigated the health locus of control (HLC)-one’s belief regarding where control over one’s health lies-as it relates to patients with chronic pain. The purpose of this prospective, cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between depression and health/pain locus of control (HLC) in adult patients with persistent pain.” Read

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The American Academy of Pain Management improves the lives of people with Pain by advancing a person-centered, integrative model of pain care through evidence-guided education, credentialing, and advocacy.